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Junior Activity Week 

  • Generate citations for your Bibliography with these free tools:

  • The following video gives instructions for APA Referencing:

  • Quick instructions on how to use citations with examples:

You cite your sources of information in two ways:
  1. In the body of your report use 'in text citations'
  2. At the end of your report provide a Reference List

In-text citations

When quoting directly from a source, copy the words exactly, put quotation marks around the copied words, and put the author's surname and date of publication in brackets.
For example:
"For thousands of years, humankind's greatest enemies were neither wolves or snakes, but the mice that ate food stores and carried diseases" (Allen, 2013)

When paraphrasing (putting in your own words) information from a source, you can do either of the following:
Example one:
For a long time, mice were one of people's worst enemies because they ate food supplies and spread diseases. (Allen, 2006)
Example two:
Allen (2006) states that for a long time, mice were one of people's worst enemies because they ate food supplies and spread diseases.

Creating a Reference List

A Reference List goes at the end of your report/assignment.
It contains a list of all the books, websites, articles and other sources that you have used for information.
Bibliography is similar to a Reference List, but includes details of all the sources you have read in your research, whether or not you have actually cited them in your work.

Each entry in the Reference List should provide enough detail so that anybody reading your assignment can follow up your original sources of information.

Reference List entries are written in very specific ways and there are a number of different citation styles.

Below is a sample Reference List using the APA style which will generally be acceptable for referencing at Horowhenua College. 
Senior students should check with their teacher first to clarify the style they expect from you.
An example Bibliography for HISTORY can be found here.

How to format citations for a simple Reference List

The basic format is: author's name (Surname, First initial.), publication date, followed by the title.
  • If there is no author, put the title first, followed by the date of publication.
  • If the source is a webpage, include the URL.
  • If the source is a newspaper or magazine, include the issue details (volume number, date of issue).
  • Once you have all your citations, list them in alphabetical order in your reference list.
Examples of citations for a Reference List

Book with one author:  Allen, J. (2006). The encyclopedia of the unexplained, Kingfisher Books, London, United Kingdom.

Book with two authors: Hunt, D. & Tulloch, S. (2010). The naughty kid's book of nature, HarperCollins, Auckland, New Zealand.

Encylopaedia: Powless, R. E. 2010, 'Hiawatha', in The World Book encyclopedia. (vol 9, p. 221), World Book Inc., Chicago, USA.

Webpage with an author: Krumpett, H. (2013). Fun facts about snakes.http://www.hkrumpett.com/blog-2/ 

Webpage (two authors) on Te Ara: Mullan, B. & Gentry, K. (2012). "Climate change", Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/climate-change

Article: De Seve, K. (2012). "Snowy owls, stealthy hunters', National Geographic Kids. November 2012

Article (no author) from online database: "Graffiti busters" (2013). The Press. March 19, 2013. retrieved from Australia/New Zealand Reference Centre.

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